DVICO-Ultraview Install in Australia

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Clean.png Cleanup: This page should be cleared off in preparation for deletion. Tuner specific information should be migrated to the LinuxTV Wiki, and any additional information moved to more generic pages. Discuss the issue on the talk page

Background

The following text represents my working notes, made when I updated my analogue (PVR-350 based) mythtv box to use a Ultraview DVB-T (which is basically a DViCO DVB-T re-badged).

These notes have also been edited by Richard Dale who uses two DViCO FusionHDTV DVB-T Plus cards on FC4 in Melbourne, and Warwick Allison with slightly newer/different cards.

There are also notes for DViCO FusionHDTV DVB-T Dual Tuner cards.

These notes do *not* apply to the DVICO "Lite" cards (Warwick never got those to actually work, but Dane Allison did).


The latest versions (as at 30 March 2007) of V4L now support the Ultraview Lite cards. If not recognised automatically, go to http://linuxtv.org/repo/#mercurial to update. Using mercurial is the easiest way of updating the files. You may need to update/install python to 2.3 to run mercurial and may need to install mercurial manually. I carried out the steps set out, including the optional steps, rebooted and the card was recognised.

Before you Start

This assumes that you've followed the Fedora Myth(TV)ology HOWTO guide on Fedora Core 3 or Fedora Core 4.

For other distributions, YMMV, but things should be reasonably close.

I have also included some notes for Ubuntu Breezy that should help.

Card Source

I picked up my Ultraview card from AB&T in Philip, Canberra (Australia) - just under 200ish. Belconnen should have some also - apparently they're fairly easy to find around Canberra as of Nov 2005.

Hardware

When installing your card, ensure that you plug the ultraview/dvico audio-out port into the CD-in port (or AUX, if you have one), on your sound card. This is an on-card port in both cases - not one of the ones at the rear that you can access from outside your computer. A suitable cable is supplied with the Ultraview.

The "DViCO FusionHDTV DVB-T Dual Tuner" card has two tuners. One is PCI, the other is USB. You will either need to connect an external USB cable to your card, or use the supplied internal USB cable which connects to your motherboard.

Kernel / Packages

Older kernels may not have the drivers required, so update to the most recent kernel available using:

yum update

For the Ultraview card on FC3 with 2.6.12, Kudzu will automatically add an entry into /etc/modprobe.conf for you for the card, which should look like this:

   alias char-major-81 cx8800

On the Ultraview card on FC3 with 2.6.12 you will need to force the cx88xx module into DVICO mode by adding the following like

   options cx88xx card=21

On FC4, kernel 2.6.15 and the DViCO FusionHDTV cards I didn't need to make any changes to modprobe.conf but did need to add the following lines to the start function of /etc/rc.d/init.d/mythbackend

/sbin/modprobe video-buf-dvb
/sbin/modprobe cx88-dvb

For Ubuntu Breezy, modify the file /etc/modprobe.d/aliases, and change the line:

 alias char-major-81 videodev

to:

 alias char-major-81 cx8800

Also, create a file /etc/modprobe.d/dvico with the following contents:

 options cx88xx card=21

Breezy users will also want to use 'EasyUbuntu' to pull back the appropriate multimedia packages (win32codecs, etc). Once done, add the following to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb http://deb.thehunter.ws/ breezy mythtv-stable

  1. deb-src http://deb.thehunter.ws/ breezy mythtv-stable

.. and install the appropriate mythtv packages.

Important.png
Note: If you manually compile your kernel, 2.6.12 has a known bug related to tuning: http://www.linuxtv.org/pipermail/linux-dvb/2005-July/003197.html

DViCO Dual Digital 2

Note: Much of this information below is historical. Ubuntu 10.4 (and possibly others) have the DViCO Dual Digital 2 working out-of-the-box, except for enabling propriety firmware for DVB cards via "enable hardware drivers".

For those with a revision 1.4 or later board, Chris Pascoe has just released (August 2006) an update to make it work.

I have confirmed it working on FC5 with a 2.6.17.8 vanilla kernel, and others have tested it to be working on other combinations.

It's part of the v4l-dvb sources. You will need to get the latest mercurial sources, and compile them. Most distros have mecurial available as extras (e.g. yum install mercurial). They recommend you use a vanilla kernel (i.e. one from www.kernel.org) and compile it yourself. In either cace, you'll need the kernel source. FC5 kernel soruce may be downloaded using yum install kernel-devel.

The instructions are quite easy to follow. Find them at http://www.linuxtv.org and look for the "DVB CVS/Mercurial" on the sidebar.

Getting the Firmware manually

In addition to the v4l-dvb drivers, the USB tuner (it has both PCI and USB tuners) needs the correct firmare to operate.

If you do not have the firmware (FC5 does not ship with it, not sure if any others do), there is a script in the kernel documentation to get it:

 cd /usr/src/linux-2.6.17.8/Documentation/dvb/   # Modify for source directory, if necessary
 chmod 777 get_dvb_firmware
 ./get_dvb_firmware bluebird

And you'll need to copy it to one of the following two places, depending on your distro:

 cp dvb-usb-bluebird-01.fw /usr/lib/hotplug/firmware/dvb-usb-bluebird-01.fw   # OR
 cp dvb-usb-bluebird-01.fw /lib/firmware/dvb-usb-bluebird-01.fw   # This one for FC5

Alsa

Ensure that your 'CD' device on your sound card is enabled as a 'capture' device. Run: alsamixer, press F4 to switch to the 'Capture' options. Move to 'CD' and press 'space' to set CD as a capture device. Press F3 to jump back to 'Playback' and set the CD volume to 100%.

Permissions

For Fedora, add to /etc/security/console.perms:

   # Mythtv permissions
   <dvb>=/dev/dvb/adapter?/*
   <console> 0660 /dev/lirc0 0660 root.uucp
   <console> 0660 <dvb> 0660 root.root

Reboot. This will allow the mythtv user (or whoever logs into the console) to access the card, rather than restricting it to root only.

For Ubuntu Breezy, add the 'mythtv' user to the following groups in /etc/group:

 cdrom, audio, video, plugdev

Tuner

Go to http://www.dba.org.au/index.asp?sectionID=22, put in your post-code (eg: 2902) Select the region that is closest to you (eg: Tuggeranong Hill) Note down the "middle frequency" for each channel. Convert it to HZ by multiplying by 1000000 (788.5 becomes 788500000).

tv_grab_au_reg

NOTE: This section contains historical information. New users should consider using Shepherd instead, which replaces the grabber scripts below: http://svn.whuffy.com/

Option 1

Download tv_grab_au_reg, and follow the instructions from http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~willu/xmltv/tv_grab_au_reg.html

Note the new grabber can obtain data from both Oztivo and ICE

Important.png
Note: I fired up phpmyadmin at this point, and threw the xmlid into the channels table (I didn't follow the above instructions exactly) - I suspect you won't need to do this, so I won't go into significant detail.
Important.png
Note: once you create the "video source".xml file you will need to update the registration/password details as per your oztivo userid/passwd and configure your channels in the file as well.

Option 2

Alternatively, you can use the tv_grab_au script from imir which downloads the channel guide from NineMSN, which is surprisingly accurate. http://www.immir.com/tv_grab_au

MythTV Setup

Run mythtvsetup

Set up the 'General' options as appropriate

Define a new Capture card, and configure it as a "Digital Video Broadcast Card (DVB)" The DVB Card Number, is generally '0', but may be different on your system.

If you have the Dual Tuner card you will have a DVB Card Number '1' as well as '0'. Add this as a second card.

Once you have the correct Card type, and card number, the 'Card Name' and 'Type' should show appropriate values. Under Advanced -> Recording Options: Check 'Use Hardware MPEG Encoder' Finish

Video Sources -> New Video Source Video Source Name: HDTV Tuner (this name can be pretty-much arbitrary) XMLTV Listings Grabber: Australia Channel frequency table: default

Input Connections: Set DVB0 to a video source of 'HDTV Tuner'. If you have the Dual Tuner card set DVB1 to a video source of 'HDTV Tuner' as well.

Channel Editor

Go to 'Advanced' (Note: the 'm' key will allow you to edit/delete stuff in this submenu) Select 'New Transport' Enter each frequency you found above (in Hz). Select a Bandwidth of 7Hz

Select 'scan for channels' Change 'scan type' to 'Existing transport scan' Select each transport in turn, and Scan. Channels should be added to the main listing once they're found.

Important.png
Note: This process didn't want to work for me under 0.19. I later worked out though, that I didn't have the 'timeout' settings set to an acceptable value. Try at least doubling the default values, and you should be fine. However, channel frequencies for Kambah/Tuggeranong are provided here if you need them:
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1002, '2', '31', 1, 'ABC TV Canberra', 'ABC TV Canberra', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/abc.png', NULL, , 'ABC-Can', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 1, 529, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1021, '21', '31', 1, 'ABC2', 'ABC2', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/abc.png', NULL, , 'ABC2', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 1, 530, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1022, '22', '31', 1, 'ABC TV', 'ABC TV', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/abc.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 1, 531, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1020, '20', '31', 1, 'ABC HDTV', 'ABC HDTV', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/abc.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 1, 848, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3374, '2374', NULL, 1, 'PRIME Canberra', 'PRIME Canberra', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/prime.png', NULL, , 'Prime-Can', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 6, 2374, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3400, '2400', NULL, 1, 'PRIME HD', 'PRIME HD', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/prime.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 6, 2400, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3401, '2401', NULL, 1, 'PRIME View 1', 'PRIME View 1', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/prime.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 6, 2401, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3402, '2402', NULL, 1, 'PRIME View 2', 'PRIME View 2', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/prime.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 6, 2402, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3403, '2403', NULL, 1, 'PRIME View 3', 'PRIME View 3', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/prime.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 6, 2403, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1030, '30', NULL, 1, 'SBS HD', 'SBS HD', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/sbs.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 3, 848, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1003, '3', NULL, 1, 'SBS DIGITAL 1', 'SBS DIGITAL 1', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/sbs.png', NULL, , 'SBS-Can', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 3, 849, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1033, '33', NULL, 1, 'SBS DIGITAL 2', 'SBS DIGITAL 2', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/sbs.png', NULL, , 'SBS-NEWS', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 3, 850, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1031, '31', NULL, 1, 'SBS EPG', 'SBS EPG', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/sbs.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 3, 851, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1001, '1', NULL, 1, 'WIN TV Canberra', 'WIN TV Canberra', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/win.png', NULL, , 'WIN-Can', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 5, 1, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (1010, '10', NULL, 1, 'WIN TV HD', 'WIN TV HD', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/win.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 5, 10, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3055, '2055', NULL, 1, 'SC10 Canberra', 'SC10 Canberra', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/10.png', NULL, , 'Ten-Can', 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 1, , 0, 4, 2055, 0);
   INSERT INTO `channel` VALUES (3087, '2087', NULL, 1, 'SC10 HD', 'SC10 HD', '/home/mythtv/.mythtv/channels/10.png', NULL, , , 0, 32768, 32768, 32768, 32768, 'Default', 0, 0, , 0, 4, 2087, 0);


   INSERT INTO `dtv_multiplex` VALUES (1, 1, 529, 4112, 746500000, '1', NULL, NULL, NULL, 'qam_16', '7', '1/2', '8', '1/16', 0, 'qam_64', 'n', '3/4', 'dvb', 16, '20060218194836');
   INSERT INTO `dtv_multiplex` VALUES (2, 1, NULL, NULL, 774500000, '0', NULL, NULL, NULL, 'qam_16', '7', 'Auto', '8', 'auto', 0, 'qam_64', 'n', 'Auto', 'dvb', 33, '20060218195323');
   INSERT INTO `dtv_multiplex` VALUES (3, 1, NULL, NULL, 732500000, 'a', NULL, 'auto', NULL, 'auto', '7', 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 0, 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 'dvb', 33, '20060218201128');
   INSERT INTO `dtv_multiplex` VALUES (4, 1, NULL, NULL, 767500000, 'a', NULL, 'auto', NULL, 'auto', '7', 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 0, 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 'dvb', 33, '20060218201158');
   INSERT INTO `dtv_multiplex` VALUES (5, 1, 12922, 12915, 788500000, 'a', NULL, 'auto', NULL, 'auto', '7', 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 0, 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 'dvb', 7, '20060220232313');
   INSERT INTO `dtv_multiplex` VALUES (6, 1, 2462, 12929, 809500000, 'a', NULL, 'auto', NULL, 'auto', '7', 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 0, 'auto', 'a', 'auto', 'dvb', 17, '20060218202301');


An alternative method for scanning channels, is the w-scan package. This is particularly useful in situations where the standard mythtv transports are not quite right for your area. Symptoms include: Poor reception, black channels when you change to them using liveTV, no channel lock, partial locks.

 apt-get install w-scan (or the equivalent for your distro)
 w_scan -c au -x > /tmp/channels.conf

Import /tmp/channels.conf into the channel scanner in mythtv-setup.