Installing MythTV SVN on Fedora
- original WIKI by Richard Dale Feb 2006
- Jarod Wilson Fedora MythTV HOWTO http://wilsonet.com/mythtv/
- Contributors to Upgrading To SVN
This guide is to help users of Fedora compile MythTV using the subversion (SVN) source code, which allows them to take advantage of the latest (bleeding edge) patches to MythTV. It was originally developed with MythTV 0.19.1 and Fedora Core 4 in mind. It is more or less valid for all versions since then up to and including Fedora 9. Continued additions are welcome by users of future versions of Fedora. This document assumes you already have a working Fedora installation.
Commands shown in this guide use the standard notation for indicating which can be run as the normal user and which must be run as root: commands preceded by "#" are to be run as root, whereas those preceded by "$" are to be run as the normal user.
Remove Old Versions
If you are upgrading to MythTV SVN from an rpm installation from ATrpms, you must first remove all of the MythTV rpms that were installed.
# yum remove \*myth\*
In order to be able to easily install all of the dependencies needed for MythTV, you will need to have the livna repository configured and enabled. If you want to have other repositories enabled as well, such as ATrpms or freshrpms, you may, but beware that enabling more than one third-party repositories can cause problems that are very difficult to clear up. The best way to safely configure many common third-party repositories is to use the rpm provided by fedorafaq and install the yum-priorities plugin:
# yum install yum-priorities # echo 'check_obsoletes = 1' >> /etc/yum/pluginconf.d/priorities.conf # rpm -Uvh http://www.fedorafaq.org/f9/yum http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release-9.rpm
This will install the configuration files to many popular repositories. The yum-priorities plugin should prevent conflicting packages from being installed at the same time. If you don't trust it, the safest thing to do is to disable all of the repositories except fedora, extras, adobe-linux, and livna by going into each of the other configuration files in /etc/yum.repos.d/ and setting "enabled=0".
Many systems with NVIDIA or ATI graphics cards will require proprietary video drivers to provide smooth playback. Installing the drivers is simple if you have the livna repository enabled. For NVIDIA cards:
# yum install kmod-nvidia
Or if you have an ATI card:
# yum install kmod-fglrx
There are a number of development libraries and packages required to compile MythTV. The following commands should obtain them all:
# yum install gcc-c++ freetype-devel lame-devel qt-devel mysql-server mysql-devel lirc lirc-devel # yum install subversion mesa-libGLU-devel libXv-devel libXxf86vm-devel libdca-devel make # yum install libXmu-devel qt-MySQL libXvMC-devel kdelibs-devel arts-devel perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker
(For Fedora 8 I found I wanted the package qt4-mysql rather than qt-MySQL (or in addition to it?))
Run the following commands to get most of the dependencies for MythTV's plugins:
# yum install fftw2 fftw2-devel libid3tag libid3tag-devel libmad-devel flac-devel libdvdcss-devel # yum install libtiff-devel libcdaudio-devel SDL-devel cdparanoia-devel libexif-devel fftw3 fftw3-devel # yum install libvorbis-devel faac faac-devel faad2 faad2-devel taglib taglib-devel libvisual-devel
If you are going to use firewire support, you need to install the following Firewire development packages:
# yum install libavc1394 libavc1394-devel libiec61883 libiec61883-devel libraw1394 libraw1394-devel
After installing the driver rpms and all of the dependent packages, you will have to reboot so that the kernel modules and paths load correctly. In fact, it appears you may need to reboot twice to get the kernel modules fully installed.
- If your connection requires you to use a proxy server you will need to export your http_proxy value before you can use yum. This will direct yum to use the proxy to connect to outside repositories.
# export http_proxy=http://your_proxy:8080 (or whatever your proxy port happens to be)
- The list of packages to install may not be complete as the requirements will change as new plugins are added. To check on the dependencies, after you have downloaded the source code (see below) cd to the mythtv or mythplugins directory, and run:
$ grep has_library configure
- This will output the test code in each configure file for the required libraries for all dependencies.
- If you get the following error message during the MythPlugins dependency installation:
Error: Missing Dependency: libid3tag = 0.15.0b is needed by package libid3tag-devel
- You have a library installed that is greater than the development library available (in this case libid3tag-devel is v0.15.0b but libid3tag 0.15.1-3.b is installed). To resolve this do:
# yum remove libid3tag
- then run the above yum install and it should resolve the dependencies correctly.
Install MythTV Source Code
If you haven't done so already, it may be a good idea to change the ownership on /usr/local so your main user can download source here:
# chown `whoami`.`whoami` /usr/local
Here we use subversion to obtain the latest source code:
$ cd /usr/local $ svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk mythtv
or, if you prefer to setup the primary components of MythTV separately:
$ cd /usr/local $ svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/mythtv $ svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/mythplugins $ svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/myththemes
The former method gives you the advantage of being able to cd to the mythtv directory and running svn update, which will update all of the subdirectories at once. It also will pull in more components including extra themes. The rest of this guide will assume that this method has been used.
The first step is to point MythTV to install at /usr/local instead of /usr just in case we already have various MythTV packages installed.
$ cd /usr/local/mythtv/mythtv $ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local
Note: x86_64 users will have to add --libdir-name=lib64
The recommended way to enable processor optimizations is with the flag --enable-proc-opt.
Though not recommended the following flags will enable custom processor optimizations for various versions of GCC:
- For GCC 4.1:
- --arch=prescott for Intel Core Solo/Duo
- --arch=nocona for Core 2 Solo/Duo
- For GCC 4.2:
- --arch=prescott --mtune=generic for Core Solo/Duo
- --arch=nocona --mtune=generic for Core 2 Solo/Duo
- GCC trunk adds support for the SSSE3 instruction set:
Note: For GCC 4.2, try --arch=native, which will autodetect the host processor(s) and set --march and --mtune accordingly.
There are a lot of additional command line options for the configure script. A useful command line might be:
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --enable-xvmc --arch=native --enable-dvb
to view all options on this command. A more complete command line script is given below in Automating the Entire Process.
To continue with the compilation, run:
Now install mythtv (you should be logged in as root to do this):
# make install
Before continuing be sure that the directory contaning the installed libraries in known by ld.so:
# echo "/usr/local/lib" >> /etc/ld.so.conf # /sbin/ldconfig
$ cd ../mythplugins
There is a long list of switches in the mythplugins configure file. Run ./configure --help, and determine what you wish to enable or disable. You may wish to save your command line in another file. The options change from time to time, so check whenever you update. As a minimum you need the following:
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local $ make
Note: x84_64 users will have to pass --libdir-name=lib64 as well.
Then install the plugins as root:
# make install
The stock MythThemes can be installed by:
$ cd ../myththemes $ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local $ make
Then install the themes as root:
# make install
Similarly, the extended themes are installed by:
$ cd ../themes $ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local $ make
Then, as root:
# make install
- If you get errors regarding qt-mt missing and you have qt and qt-devel installed you must 'export QTDIR=/usr/lib/qt-3.3/' (For qt 3.3 that is) or 'export QTDIR=/usr/lib64/qt-3.3' for x86_64 version. Alternatively, check for a symlink to /usr/lib/qt-3.x
# ln -s /usr/lib/qt3 /usr/lib/qt-3.x
- The location on newer installs may be /usr/lib/qt-3.3
# ln -s /usr/lib/qt-3.3 /usr/lib/qt-3.x
- If you receive an error message of something like -lrfftw not found during the MythPlugins compile, you may need to do the following:
# cd /usr/lib # ln -s librfftw.so.2.0.7 librfftw.so # ln -s libfftw.so.2.0.7 libfftw.so
To start the MySQL server for this session and at every boot, issue the following commands:
# /sbin/service mysqld start # /sbin/chkconfig --level 345 mysqld on
If this is the first time MySQL has been started, you should run the MySQL secure installation script to disable anonymous usage and to set the root password.
Finally, run MythTV's MySQL setup script to initialize the mythconverg database:
$ mysql -u root -p < /usr/local/mythtv/mythtv/database/mc.sql
Install packages needed by MythWeb
# yum install httpd php php-mysql
The MythWeb files must be copied to Apache's http directory:
# cd /usr/local/mythtv/mythplugins/mythweb # cp -r * /var/www/html
Next move the configuration file to the Apache configuration directory:
# mv /var/www/html/mythweb.conf.apache /etc/httpd/conf.d/mythweb.conf
You'll then need to make sure your web server can write to the 'data' directory in MythWeb
# chgrp -R apache /var/www/html/data # chmod g+rw /var/www/html/data
# /usr/sbin/setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect=1 # chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_t '/var/www/html/data'
Finally start the httpd daemon for this session configure Apache to start at every boot:
# /sbin/service httpd restart # /sbin/chkconfig --level 345 httpd on
If the backend is running you should be now able to access MythWeb.
Now we'll ensure that the mythbackend will start automatically when the PC reboots:
# cd /usr/local/mythtv/mythtv/Linux/contrib/init_scripts # cp fedora.init.mythbackend /etc/rc.d/init.d/mythbackend # cp fedora.sysconfig.mythbackend /etc/sysconfig/mythbackend # /sbin/chkconfig --level 345 mythbackend on
You are now ready to configure your MythTV system
Then, as root:
# service mythbackend start
Maintaining an SVN Installation
Updating the Source Code
One of the advantages of running SVN is that you can quickly and easily download the latest revision of MythTV. There are usually 5 or more updates a day to the MythTV source code. To update your your copy of MythTV go to the directory that holds the SVN code and run
$ svn update
Then continue compiling the code with
$ ./configure ... $ make
# make install
make clean vs. make distclean
Sometimes when there is an update, there will be a comment in there which says "make clean" or "make distclean". If you need to perform a make distclean, you will lose all of your previous ./configure parameters. It is recommended you keep your own compile parameters in a separate .sh file so you can easily rebuild if you need to perform a make distclean.
Here's a couple of scripts I use to make life easier: --- doconfig.sh ---
cd mythtv make distclean ./configure --prefix=/usr/local --enable-xvmc --arch=i686 --enable-proc-opt --enable-dvb cd ../mythplugins make distclean ./configure
--- domake.sh ---
cd mythtv make -j 2 cd ../mythplugins make -j 2
'make clean' is only needed if you are re-'making' code which you have 'made' before. It cleans out any already-compiled '.o' files. It does not affect the configuration. 'make distclean' removes the configuration. If you upgrade often, then you do not need to do a 'distclean' often.
Automating the Entire Process: Download, Compile, and Install
I have mentioned these on the list and received requests for copies so I am posting them here. (R. Geoffrey Newbury). See also the Dependencies page which downloads and install the required libraries for myth and most of the plugins. I use the following scripts to automate the entire process. I have a PVR500 tuner, an HD3000 tuner and an HDHomeRun on order. I use lirc and my BE/FE is a Via Sp13000 motherboard, thus the particular config choices for xvmc etc. (The download is done to the 'usb' folder and copied to a usb key for transfer from the office to my home for use on the mythbox, thus the folder names. My 'high-speed' times out on downloading svn).
The entire process is done calling two scripts 'call-svn.sh' and 'all-build.sh' and using three 'config.sh' files for the configurations.
Get a complete svn code set:
--- call-svn.sh ---
Clears old svn code base and downloads complete new set. cd /backup/usb rm -rf myththemes rm -rf mythplugins rm -rf mythtv svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/mythtv svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/myththemes svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/mythplugins
The 'all-build' script calls the config scripts to configure the three myth subsystems and builds them all. All of my configure scripts are saved in /usr/local/sbin. For curiosity, I write the date/time to a log file and display it at the end of the run. Running 'all-build' as root will configure, make and make install a complete Mythtv setup without further interaction. Since the build process takes about an hour and a half, this is often the last thing I start before going to bed! If I am recording something at bedtime, I comment out the 'make install' calls, and do those by hand in the morning.
To build everything in one script, run as root:
--- all-build.sh ---
cd /backup/usb echo "Commence build" > /backup/usb/log.out date >> /backup/usb/log.out # Clean out old config scripts and replace with good ones, equals 'make distclean' rm -f /backup/usb/myththemes/configt.sh rm -f /backup/usb/mythplugins/configp.sh rm -f /backup/usb/mythtv/config.sh # Copy scripts cp /usr/local/sbin/configt.sh /backup/usb/myththemes cp /usr/local/sbin/configp.sh /backup/usb/mythplugins cp /usr/local/sbin/config.sh /backup/usb/mythtv echo "End cleanup and copy of configuration" >> /backup/usb/log.out date >> /backup/usb/log.out # Commence actual build process echo "Commence Mythtv build" >> /backup/usb/log.out cd /backup/usb/mythtv make clean # not actually needed for a new download # Work starts here: this can take some time to run ./config.sh # run configure make && make install echo "End mythtv make" >> /backup/usb/log.out date >> /backup/usb/log.out # Build themes echo "Commence myththeme build" cd /backup/usb/myththemes make clean ./configt.sh # run configure make && make install echo "End myththemes" >> /backup/usb/log.out date >> /backup/usb/log.out # Build plugins: this can take some time to run echo "Commence mythplugin build" >> /backup/usb/log.out cd /backup/usb/mythplugins make clean ./configp.sh #run configure make && make install echo "End mythplugins" >> /backup/usb/log.out date >> /backup/usb/log.out # And you are done cd /backup/usb cat log.out
These are the configure script files;
--- config.sh ---
# configure for mythtv # For Via Nehemiah cpu and unichrome-pro (xvmc capable) video chipset ./configure --prefix=/usr/local \ --arch=i686 \ --enable-proc-opt \ --enable-audio-alsa \ --disable-audio-arts \ --disable-audio-jack \ --disable-directfb \ --enable-lirc \ --enable-v4l \ --enable-ivtv \ --disable-firewire \ --enable-dvb \ --dvb-path=/usr/include \ --enable-xvmc \ --enable-hdhomerun \ --enable-xvmc-vld \ --enable-xvmc-pro \ --enable-xvmc-opengl \ --enable-opengl-vsync \ --disable-dbox2 \ --disable-iptv \
--- config-sh --- # for Nvidia (added December 4, 2008) # config shell script for mythtv configure # For NVidia chipset and driver w/wo vdpau ./configure --prefix=/usr/local \ --compile-type=release \ --enable-proc-opt \ --qmake=/usr/lib/qt4/bin/qmake-qt4 \ --disable-directfb \ --enable-lirc \ --enable-v4l \ --enable-ivtv \ --disable-joystick-menu \ --disable-firewire \ --disable-dbox2 \ --enable-hdhomerun \ --enable-dvb \ --dvb-path=/usr/include \ --enable-x11 \ --enable-xrandr \ --enable-xv \ --enable-xvmc \ --xvmc-lib=/usr/lib/libXvMCNVIDIA \ --disable-xvmcw \ --enable-xvmc-vld \ --disable-xvmc-pro \ --enable-xvmc-opengl \ --enable-opengl-vsync \ --disable-vdpau \ --with-bindings=perl,python # xvmc-lib is needed or configure looks for xvmcw # /etc/X11/XvMCConfig must not point to libXvMCW # xvmc-lib line must preceed the 'opengl' references # obviously --enable-vdpau only with the correct driver and hardware
--- configp.sh --- # configure for mythplugins ./configure \ --prefix=/usr/local \ --enable-opengl \ --enable-transcode \ --enable-vcd \ --enable-mytharchive \ --enable-create-dvd \ --enable-create-archive \ --disable-mythbrowser \ --enable-mythcontrols \ --enable-mythdvd \ --disable-mythflix \ --enable-mythgallery \ --enable-exif \ --enable-new-exif \ --disable-mythgame \ --enable-mythmusic \ --enable-fftw \ --enable-sdl \ --enable-aac \ --disable-mythnews \ --disable-mythphone \ --disable-festival \ --enable-mythvideo \ --enable-mythweather \ --disable-mythzoneminder
- After an update of SVN I get an error message of shared library xxx.so not found. Sometimes there will be a brand new library added to mythtv. On 26 March 2006, there was an issue with libfreemheg.so.19 not found when trying to start mythbackend. Running:
- will ensure the new library is linked up.