Difference between revisions of "Logging"

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Starting with version 0.26, all log requests are handled by [[Mythlogserver|mythlogserver]].
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MythTV (starting with version 0.25) supports logging to various loggers. Logging to them is enabled with command-line arguments.
 
MythTV (starting with version 0.25) supports logging to various loggers. Logging to them is enabled with command-line arguments.
 
{{gitcommit|fd1800a}} removed the legacy <code>--logfile</code> and <code>-l</code> arguments.
 
{{gitcommit|fd1800a}} removed the legacy <code>--logfile</code> and <code>-l</code> arguments.
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Alternatively, a python script, [https://github.com/MythTV/packaging/blob/master/Gentoo/media-tv/mythtv/files/logcleanup.py logcleanup.py], is available to manage the multiple copies of these logs generated each time the applications restart.  With its default settings, it will keep a minimum of five sets of logs for each application, and each set will be kept a minimum of seven days.  One log set is one file, along with any rotated, compressed copies generated by logrotate.  This script can be set to run daily or weekly through cron.
 
Alternatively, a python script, [https://github.com/MythTV/packaging/blob/master/Gentoo/media-tv/mythtv/files/logcleanup.py logcleanup.py], is available to manage the multiple copies of these logs generated each time the applications restart.  With its default settings, it will keep a minimum of five sets of logs for each application, and each set will be kept a minimum of seven days.  One log set is one file, along with any rotated, compressed copies generated by logrotate.  This script can be set to run daily or weekly through cron.
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[[Category:HOWTO]]

Revision as of 17:14, 28 August 2012

Starting with version 0.26, all log requests are handled by mythlogserver.

MythTV (starting with version 0.25) supports logging to various loggers. Logging to them is enabled with command-line arguments. [fd1800a]cgitgithub removed the legacy --logfile and -l arguments. Additional information about application command-line arguments is available using the --help argument, for example:

mythbackend --help

or

mythfrontend --help

Detailed help information is available for each argument by including the argument name after --help, for example:

mythbackend --help setloglevel
mythbackend --help logpath

General

All logging (regardless of specified logger) is affected by the arguments:

--loglevel                      Set the logging level.  All log messages at
                                lower levels will be discarded.
                                In descending order: emerg, alert, crit, err,
                                warning, notice, info, debug
                                defaults to info
-v OR --verbose                 Specify log filtering. Use '-v help' for level
                                info.

Typically, the default value for --loglevel and --verbose are appropriate for normal application execution. However, you may be asked to provide logs at a specific log level when helping debug issues.

Loggers

Console Logging

If running a MythTV application in a non-daemon mode, console logging will be enabled. Console logging is output to stdout.

Console logging is automatically disabled with the argument:

--daemon OR -d                  Fork application into background after startup.

(for MythTV daemon applications).

The console logging output contains a shortened format which better fits a standard terminal. Therefore, please provide full file logging output when attaching log files to bug tickets.

File Logging

The primary logger for MythTV applications is the file logger. File logging outputs detailed "debug" logging information about process execution, which can be very useful in debugging issues with MythTV. All log files uploaded to bug tickets should be those created from the file logger.

File logging is disabled by default and may be enabled with the argument:

--logpath                        Writes logging messages to a file in the directory logpath with
                                 filenames in the format: applicationName.date.pid.log.
                                 This is typically used in combination with --daemon, and if used
                                 in combination with --pidfile, this can be used with log
                                 rotators, using the HUP call to inform MythTV to reload the file

File logging output may be challenging to read in a terminal due to the amount of information included. You may simplify the log file output with a log processor. For example, the command:

perl -pwe '$| = 1; s#^(\d{4}(?:-\d{2}){2} \d{2}(?:\:\d{2}){2}\.\d{6} \w) \[\d+/\d+\] \S+ \S+ \(\S+\) - (.*$)#$1  $2#' /path/to/logfile

will scan the log file at /path/to/logfile and output (to stdout) a simplified log format equivalent to that used by console logging. Change the /path/to/logfile, as appropriate for your system.

If you'd like to log full details while following the log file in a console with the above simplification, use the tail command:

tail -f /path/to/logfile | perl -pwe '$| = 1; s#^(\d{4}(?:-\d{2}){2} \d{2}(?:\:\d{2}){2}\.\d{6} \w) \[\d+/\d+\] \S+ \S+ \(\S+\) - (.*$)#$1  $2#'

syslog Logging

Logging to syslog may be enabled with the argument:

--syslog                        Set the syslog logging facility.
                                Set to "none" to disable, defaults to none

By default, logging to syslog is disabled. You should only enable syslog logging if you have also configured syslog on your host to handle the MythTV log messages appropriately.

Database Logging

Database logging is enabled by default. It may be disabled with the argument:

--nodblog                       Disable database logging.

MythTV automatically cleans up the database logging information, to ensure your database does not grow out of control. All database logging information is removed within 2 weeks, so database logging is primarily useful for short-term log access, and should not be considered a valid long-term logging mechanism.

Log file cleanup

You may configure external applications, such as logrotate or GNU Rottlog, to rotate your log files. These programs allow you to specify exactly how to handle the multiple log files--including how often to rotate, how many old log files to keep and how long to keep them, where to place the log files, whether to compress them, and much more. Example configurations are available in the Log Rotation Configuration Files category.

Alternatively, a python script, logcleanup.py, is available to manage the multiple copies of these logs generated each time the applications restart. With its default settings, it will keep a minimum of five sets of logs for each application, and each set will be kept a minimum of seven days. One log set is one file, along with any rotated, compressed copies generated by logrotate. This script can be set to run daily or weekly through cron.