Difference between revisions of "Status Monitoring How To"

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Revision as of 19:14, 11 November 2008

So, for whatever reason, your Myth processes have occasional crashes that you haven't diagnosed yet (you have submitted a bug report, haven't you?) and you'd like it to restart when it does...

This page has a few approaches to monitoring Myth's processes


Monit (http://www.tildeslash.com/monit/)

  • It monitors processes and restarts them if they fail.
  • Can be configured to alert you (I like to know if it crashes in case it gets serious!)
  • It is 'secure'able
  • Has a web interface to check status and log
  • Can also monitor anything else (eg listings downloads, disk space etc)


Debian/knoppmyth install : apt-get install monit


  • On Debian create /etc/monit/monitrc
  • On openSUSE create /etc/monitrc
# Monit control file
# Comments begin with a '#' and extend through the end of the line.
# Blank lines between program entries are ignored. Keywords are case
# insensitive. All path's MUST BE FULLY QUALIFIED, starting with '/'
set daemon  30
set logfile /var/log/monit.log
set mailserver smtp.mydomain.com
set mail-format
 { from: monit@bao.mydomain.com }
set alert root@mydomain.com  # Send alert to system admin on any event
set httpd port 2812 and
    allow ash.mydomain.com
    allow haze.mydomain.com
    allow admin:monit     # user 'admin' with password 'monit'

check process mythbackend with pidfile /var/run/mythtv/mythbackend.pid
 group mythtv
 start program = "/etc/init.d/mythtv-backend restart"
 stop program  = "/etc/init.d/mythtv-backend stop"
 if failed port 6544 proto http then restart
 mode manual
 depends on mysql

check process mysql with pidfile /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
 group mythtv
 start program = "/etc/init.d/mysql start"
 stop program = "/etc/init.d/mysql stop"
 if failed port 3306 then restart
 mode manual

Obviously change the names/ip addresses as needed!

NOTE: It has been reported that mythbackend could crash from repeated pinging of http port (I didn't see anything in my mythbackend log but my backend crashed almost daily until I made the following change). If you find that monit frequently reports failed protocol test, it may be monit causing the problem and you may want to consider commenting out the line:

if failed port 6544 proto http then restart

If your backend log file starts showing error messages like this:

QSocketDevice::writeBlock: Invalid socket

, then removing the "proto http" in your monit configuration may help also.

Now, sudo monit to start monit.

Note that this tells monit to start in 'manual' mode. To actually start monitoring I have this script in /etc/monit/monit_delay.

sleep 60
monit monitor mythbackend

and call it from the monit init.d script after monit is started. This ensures that when monit starts up it allows enough time for all the other services to get going before it kills them or anything...

Now, check it's all working by connecting to http://yourbox:2812/

You should see a web page.

Now try doing an /etc/init.d/mythtv-backend stop. You should get a mail and the backend should restart.

Now try doing an /etc/init.d/mysql stop. You should get a mail and the backend should stop, mysql should start and then the backend should restart.

Once all this works, you can consider moving on to the next bit...


So what if monit crashes??? asks Craig Partin...

Well, if you like you can run monit from init.

In this case, just put the following line in your /etc/inittab


Then init watches and makes sure that monit is running (and if init dies you've got a whole heapload of problems!!) But make sure you don't start monit from your init.d script (but don't forget the monit_delay...)

So, why not run mythbackend like this?
You could - however, it's not the best way to do it - the backend may start before mysql - or your frontend may start before the backend does. For this reason the rc3.d and rc5.d scripts are numbered to start in a certain order to ensure that mysql starts before the backend which starts before the frontend etc.

Daemon Tools

Daemontools (http://cr.yp.to/daemontools.html)

Though not OSS like Monit, daemontools is another very similar mechanism that you may prefer. Daemontools has the advantage of starting and monitoring the process, so there's no danger of mythbackend starting up before daemontools.


apt-get install daemontools-installer

This will set up your inittab, start the supervise process, and create the appropriate directories (assuming you accepted the defaults during the install). Nothing will start, however, until you create the appropriate files under the /service directory. There's no support in daemontools for service startup order (ie. dependencies), so you have to check in the run script.


Daemontools looks for a file called /service/servicename/run to start the program. So we'll call our service mythbackend, hence





if [ -x $MYSQLADMIN ]
        $MYSQLADMIN -h$MYSQLHOST ping &> /dev/null

if [ $? -eq 0 ] # ping worked
        exec $DAEMON --logfile /var/log/mythtv/mythbackend.log
        logger "Mysqld not running yet. Waiting..."

As soon as you make this file executable supervise will try and start up mythbackend, so make sure you've stopped the existing process (eg: /etc/init.d/mythbackend stop) and removed the existing startup script (I moved mythbackend from /etc/init.d/ to /root).

Quick and Dirty

So if all that gets to complicated then try running a script like this (from Will Dorman) periodically from cron:


pidno=$( ps ax | grep mythbackend | grep -v grep | grep -v mythmon)
# echo $pidno
# Checks for pid in "ps" listing, field #1.
# Then makes sure it is the actual process, not the process invoked by this script.
# The last "grep $1" filters out this possibility.
if [ -z "$pidno" ]  # If, after all the filtering, the result is a zero-length string,
then                # no running process corresponds to the pid given.
  echo "No such process running."
  mail <mynumber>@mobile.att.net -s Uh-oh < /tmp/crap

Even Dirtier

A simpler way to see if a process is running is using ps -C <command> and look at the exit code of ps; ps will error if it can't find the process. Much like the Quick and Dirty, this can be run from root's crontab:

*/5 * * * * /root/bin/mythmon || /sbin/service mythbackend restart > /dev/null;

A nice feature of bash is that you can OR two commands together. The second command is tried iff (if and only if) the first command fails. Similarly, ANDing two commands, the second is executed iff the first is successful. /sbin/service is a feature of Fedora/RedHat.

# /root/bin/mythmon
# This is run from cron every 5 minutes.

ps -C mythbackend > /dev/null && exit 0;

# append message to log file...
# send email notification...

echo "`date +%Y-%m-%d\ %T.%-3N` /root/bin/mythmon: mythbackend not running!!!" \
         >> /var/log/mythtv/mythbackend.log;
exit 1;

Or Quick

This script restarts the mythbackend process right away without polling, sends you an email and creates handy numerated log files.


  • This script assumes you have email working on your box (like postfix). If not, just delete the mail line.
  • Run the script at startup, i.e. add "/home/mythtv/gomythbe.sh &" to /etc/rc.local (Fedora)
  • The script will restart mythbackend 10 times before stopping and is a fail safe in case something is really wrong...
# Press Ctrl+C to stop the restarting
echo "###############################"
echo "# MythBackEnd Server Starting #"
echo "###############################"
echo To stop the restarting press Ctrl+C when the server is being restarted
trap 'echo; echo $SRV Server Restarter has been STOPPED!; exit 1' 2
# Repeat the loop 10 times before exiting
while [ $C1 -le 10 ]
  # Modify the line below to match your server execution command line
  mythbackend > /home/mythtv/mythbackend_$C1.log
  echo "MythBackend server restarted $C1 time(s)!"
  # Send an email - put in your email address!!
  mail -s "MythBackEnd - Process restarted $C1 Times" my@emailaddress.com < /home/mythtv/mythbackend_$C1.log
  sleep 10