User Manual:Initial Installation

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This page is up-to-date to MythTV version 0.21, the current release is 0.27.3

Introduction

There are different ways to get Mythtv installed on your system:

  1. From source;
  2. Using apt-get;
  3. Using a MythTV Linux distribution (e.g. MythBuntu, MythDora, etc.) more info.

In this guide we will discuss how to install from source.

This guide is will allow you to build the latest version of MythTV on Ubuntu and Fedora.

Prerequisites

First install required packages:

 sudo apt-get install build-essential liblircclient-dev libasound2-dev libdts-dev libdvdnav-dev \
 libxv-dev libxxf86vm-dev transcode libmp3lame-dev subversion qt4-dev-tools libqt4-dev libsamplerate0 \
 libxvidcore4 liba52-0.7.4-dev libfame-dev libcdio-dev msttcorefonts libasound2-doc libmad0-dev \
 libid3tag0-dev libvorbis-dev libflac-dev libcdaudio-dev libcdparanoia0-dev fftw3-dev libfaad-dev \
 libsmpeg-dev libmp4v2-dev libtag1-dev mysql-server libvisual-0.4-dev libexif-dev libxvmc-dev \
 libxinerama-dev libfreetype6-dev yasm

Note: Version 0.21 and earlier use QT3 instad of QT4, so you need: libqt3-mt-dev and libqt3-mt-mysql.

To install css support use:

/usr/share/doc/libdvdread3/install-css.sh

or on newer distributions:

/usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

If you want mythweb as well - you need

 sudo apt-get install apache2 php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mysql

Getting and compiling the source code

Get the latest code of MythTV. For stable code use the 0-23-fixes, or, if desired, try the latest bleeding edge use trunk.

0-22-fixes: http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-22-fixes/

 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-22-fixes/mythtv
 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-22-fixes/mythplugins
 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-22-fixes/myththemes

0-23-fixes: http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-23-fixes/

 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-23-fixes/mythtv
 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-23-fixes/mythplugins
 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/branches/release-0-23-fixes/myththemes

Trunk:

 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/mythtv
 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/mythplugins
 svn co http://svn.mythtv.org/svn/trunk/myththemes

Then, simply go in each directory and configure and build each component:

./configure
make
make install

For mythplugins, if you don't want some modules you might want to disable them (run "./configure --help" in each directory to see the options you can set for the build). For example:

./configure --disable-mythgame --disable-mythnetflix
make
make install

Note: If you want to be able to easily uninstall later, for example to update to new set of fixes, use "checkinstall" rather than "make install". "checkinstall" keeps track of all files installed by a "make install" or equivalent, creates a Slackware, RPM, or Debian package with those files, and adds it to the installed packages database, allowing for easy package removal or distribution. "checkinstall" will prompt for a package description, and then you must supply a version number by following the prompts.

./configure
make
checkinstall

Post-install tasks

Creating the mythtv user

to run MythTV as its own user I created one (so the backend doesnt run as root)

sudo useradd mythtv

MythTV database setup

You have to create a file for mythtv for database connections ~mythtv/.mythtv/mysql.txt

Script.png ~mythtv/.mythtv/mysql.txt
DBHostName=localhost

# By default, Myth tries to ping the DB host to see if it exists.
# If your DB host or network doesn't accept pings, set this to no:
#
DBHostPing=no

DBHostName=localhost
DBUserName=mythtv
DBName=mythconverg
DBPassword=mythtv

# Set the following if you want to use something other than this
# machine's real hostname for identifying settings in the database.
# This is useful if your hostname changes often, as otherwise you
# will need to reconfigure mythtv (or futz with the DB) every time.
# TWO HOSTS MUST NOT USE THE SAME VALUE
#
LocalHostName=MYCOOLMYTHTVHOST

# If you want your frontend to be able to wake your MySQL server
# using WakeOnLan, have a look at the following settings:
#
#
# The time the frontend waits (in seconds) between reconnect tries.
# This should be the rough time your MySQL server needs for startup
#
#WOLsqlReconnectWaitTime=0
#
#
# This is the number of retries to wake the MySQL server
# until the frontend gives up
#
#WOLsqlConnectRetry=5
#
#
# This is the command executed to wake your MySQL server.
#
#WOLsqlCommand=echo 'WOLsqlServerCommand not set'

Then you have to create a database and let the user set above access it

mysql -u root -p
create database mythconverg;
create user 'mythtv'@'%' identified by 'mythtv';
create user 'mythtv'@'localhost' identified by 'mythtv';
set password for 'mythtv'@'%' = password('mythtv');
set password for 'mythtv'@'localhost' = password('mythtv');
connect mythconverg;
grant all privileges on *.* to 'mythtv'@'%' with grant option;
grant all privileges on *.* to 'mythtv'@'localhost' with grant option;
flush privileges;
exit;

Run mythbackend to test. This will automatically upgrade your previous mythconverg database schema to the latest version:

mythbackend

If mythbackend is running OK, test mythfrontend:

mythfrontend

Running MythTV on start

I use a slightly modified script from mythbuntu for that. Just copy the content to /etc/init.d/mythtv-backend - chmod it with sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mythtv-backend

To start every time you still have to add it to the rc: update-rc.d mythtv-backend defaults

Also create a log directory for mythtv:

sudo mkdir /var/log/mythtv
sudo chown mythtv:mythtv /var/log/mythtv


Script.png /etc/init.d/mythtv-backend
#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          mythtv-backend
# Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop:     $local_fs
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start/Stop the MythTV server.
### END INIT INFO

PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DAEMON=/usr/local/bin/mythbackend
NAME="mythbackend"
DESC="MythTV server"

test -x $DAEMON || exit 0

. /lib/lsb/init-functions

set -e

prime_firewire()
{
    if [ "$ENABLE_FIREWIRE" = "TRUE" ]; then
        log_daemon_msg "Priming Firewire "
        su - $USER -c "/usr/bin/mythprime"
        log_end_msg $?
    fi
}

USER=mythtv
USER_HOME=$(grep ^$USER /etc/passwd | awk -F : '{print $6}')
RUNDIR=/var/run/mythtv
ARGS="--daemon --logfile /var/log/mythtv/mythbackend.log --pidfile $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid"
EXTRA_ARGS=""
NICE=0

if [ -f /etc/default/mythtv-backend ]; then
  . /etc/default/mythtv-backend
fi

ARGS="$ARGS $EXTRA_ARGS"

mkdir -p $RUNDIR
chown -R $USER $RUNDIR

unset DISPLAY
unset SESSION_MANAGER

#create a symbolic link for mysql.txt so it can't be overwritten
mkdir -p $USER_HOME/.mythtv
chown -R $USER $USER_HOME/.mythtv
if [ ! -e $USER_HOME/.mythtv/mysql.txt ]; then
        ln -s /etc/mythtv/mysql.txt $USER_HOME/.mythtv/mysql.txt
fi

case "$1" in
  start)
        if [ -e $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid ]; then
                PIDDIR=/proc/$(cat $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid)
                if [ -d ${RUNDIR} -a "$(readlink -f ${RUNDIR}/exe)" = "${DAEMON}" ]; then
                        log_success_msg "$DESC already started; use restart instead."
                        exit 1
                else
                        log_success_msg "Removing stale PID file $RUNDIR/$NAME"
                        rm -f $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid
                fi
        fi
        prime_firewire
        log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC: $NAME "
        start-stop-daemon --start --pidfile $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid \
                --chuid $USER --nicelevel $NICE --exec $DAEMON -- $ARGS
        log_end_msg $?
        ;;
  stop)
        log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC: $NAME "
        start-stop-daemon --stop --oknodo --pidfile $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid \
                --chuid $USER --exec $DAEMON -- $ARGS
        log_end_msg $?
        test -e $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid && rm $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid
        ;;
  restart|force-reload)
        log_daemon_msg "Restarting $DESC: $NAME "
        start-stop-daemon --stop --oknodo --pidfile $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid \
                --chuid $USER --exec $DAEMON -- $ARGS
        sleep 3
        prime_firewire
        start-stop-daemon --start --pidfile $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid \
                --chuid $USER --nicelevel $NICE --exec $DAEMON -- $ARGS
    log_end_msg $?
        ;;
  status)
        # We want to maintain backward compatibility with Hardy,
        # so we're not going to use status_of_proc()
        pidofproc -p $RUNDIR/$NAME.pid $DAEMON >/dev/null && status=0 || status=$?
        if [ $status -eq 0 ]; then
                log_success_msg "$NAME is running"
        else
                log_failure_msg "$NAME is not running"
        fi
        exit $status
        ;;
  *)
        N=/etc/init.d/$NAME
        echo "Usage: $N {start|stop|restart|force-reload|status}" >&2
        exit 2
        ;;
esac

exit 0

Autostarting the frontend in Xubuntu / Ubuntu

Create a file in ~/.config/autostart/mythfrontend.desktop:

Script.png ~/.config/autostart/mythfrontend.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Encoding=UTF-8
Version=0.9.9
Type=Application
Name=MythTV Frontend
Comment=
Exec=mythfrontend
StartupNotify=false
Terminal=false
Hidden=false

Mythweb

For mythweb I just created a symlink to the checked out mythweb in the /var/www:

sudo ln -s /usr/local/src/mythtv/mythplugins/mythweb /var/www/mythweb
# make sure data is writeable
sudo chown -R www-data /usr/local/src/mythtv/mythplugins/mythweb/data

you have to enable mod-rewrite

sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/mods-available/rewrite.load /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/rewrite.load

you also need to have a version of php which has session, mysql, pcre, posix and json support

and copy/edit the apache config

sudo cp mythplugins/mythweb/mythweb.conf.apache /etc/apache2/sites-available/mythweb.conf
sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/mythweb.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/mythweb.conf

after that restart and have fun:

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Something didn't work?

With this you should be able to compile and install mythtv on a new (x)ubuntu box. Most problems come with mythtv setup (config files, database initialization etc.) Please refer to the other wiki pages/documentation for info on that. Before doing that It's best to do some investigation yourself.

The best way to debug problems is to check the output of the backend and frontend tasks:

To check the backend for error messages:

 tail -f /var/log/mythtv/mythbackend.log

To check the frontend for errors, you have two options:

1) run it from the command line. You can ALT+TAB to see the output in the terminal window while the frontend is running:

 mythfrontend

2) check the frontend log for error messages:

 tail -f /var/log/mythtv/mythfrontend.log

System settings

When setting up your HTPC / MythTV system, its best to set the following

For Ubuntu Volume: the volume control is on the top panel by default. Set this to max. Power Management: System->Preferences->Power Management - "Put display to sleep when inactive for" move the slider to the far right (never) Screensaver: System->Preferences->Screensaver - uncheck "Activate screensaver when computer is idle" System Bell: System->Preferences->Sound - in the "System Beep" tab, uncheck "Enable system beep" and check "Visual System Beep".



Setup MythTV backend preferences and tune TV cards

Open a Terminal Window and type

> mythtv-setup

You will now see the GUI for MythTV to setup the backend server and in particular the channel tuning for our broadcast streams. You will need to set up:

  1. General — General Backend settings, most user can use the defaults
  2. Capture Cards — you will configure your capture cards/devices here
  3. Video Sources — create guide data.
  4. Input connections — connect the Capture Card name to the Video Source
  5. Channel Editor — scan for your channels here
  6. Storage Groups — Configure which folders your recordings will be saved.

On entering each screen, the cursor is positioned at the bottom right on the "Next" button. The cursor may not be visible. Use the up, down, left, and right cursor keys to make selections. Fields marked with up and down arrows can be modified by pressing the PageUp and PageDown keys or the left and right cursor keys; in some cases, the action is different. For example, when setting times, cursor left and cursor right change the time by minutes, while Page Up and Page Down change by half hours. Some fields, notably text fields, accept direct keyboard input. For many fields, context-sensitive help appears in the bottom part of the screen when you position on the field.

Multiple tuner cards

If you have more than one TV card, you only need to do the channel scan on one of the cards. All cards of the same type should point to the same video source. For example let's say you have two cards both for Freeview (UK Network). Create a Video Source called FreeviewUK, now connect both cards to this Video source.

[DVB1] DVB card 1->FreeviewUK

[DVB0] DVB card 2->FreeviewUK

http://acaciaclose.co.uk/mediac/400_0/media/mythtune.jpg

When you scan for your channels make sure that you put in a frequency that corresponds to the transmitter that you will be receiving from, for instance Crystal Palace. You can find out the frequency on the web for your country and region.

Older TV cards may need all of the parameters from the transmitters tab to be entered, and not just left as "auto". The next version of MythTV (0.19) should have a "blind" scan, and it should just find the channels for you.

Alternatively users in the USA using Schedules Direct can fetch there lineups form Schedules Direct in Input Connections to automatically configure channel lineups.


More info

[1] See Ubuntu Installation Guides for installing on other Ubuntu versions.



Previous information to integrated in the text above

The setup

There are four key parts to MythTV, and setup roughly in this order:

  1. Start system services that MythTV needs
  2. Initialize the system database, mythconverg
  3. Setup system preferences and tune your TV card using mythtv-setup
  4. Start main MythTV server, mythtvbackend
  5. Start MythTV, mythfrontend

Create a user called mythtv and do all of the following steps as this user

Its a good idea to run these from a terminal window to start with, so we can see that everything is as it should be. Once all has been set up and complete, then we can run mysql/mythbackend/frontend as background server processes.

Start system services

We need to have both "mysql" and "mythbackend" running on startup

Geeko head48.png openSUSE

Start YaST -> System ->System Services ( RunLevel)

Select mysql click "enable" Click OK after popup dialog

Select ntp click "enable" Click OK after popup dialog

Notice there is a mythbackend option, would suggest that you do not enable "mythbackend" just yet, until you have tried running in a terminal window as below. If all steps below work then enable this to run.

Setup mysql database mythconverg

Set the root password for the mysql database. (replace mysqlpassword with your own)

Open a Terminal window

> mysqladmin -u root password  mysqlpassword

Setup the initial database. Note - the mc.sql file should have been installed along with the mythtv documentation onto your system. The default location for this file is shown below, however it may have been relocated elsewhere according to your distribution's documentation rules, so you may have to use a search (find, locate, etc) tool to reveal its whereabouts. Suse 11.0 -- mc.sql is at "/usr/share/doc/packages/mythtv-doc/database/mc.sql" (The following command will prompt for password)

> mysql -u root -p  < /usr/share/mythtv/database/mc.sql

How to Reset the Root Password (Slackware):

Login as a root

> su -

Stop the database

> /etc/rc.d/rc.mysqld stop

Set the initial file for a new root database password

> echo "SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('new_password');" > /var/lib/mysql/mysql-init

Change the user and group ownership

> chown mysql.mysql /var/lib/mysql/mysql-init

Start a database manually

> /usr/bin/mysqld_safe --init-file=/var/lib/mysql/mysql-init &

Login to the database as a root with a new password

> mysql -u root -p new_password

How to Reset the Root Password