Difference between revisions of "Bitrate"
(Fix table (Google "broke" the original with the lack of distinction between binary and SI prefixes) and mention Google's shortcoming.)
Revision as of 06:09, 5 February 2009
A megabit is a unit of digital information storage, abbreviated Mbit (or Mb).
1 megabit = 1,000,000 bits which is equal to 125,000 bytes. In kilobytes this is either 125 kB (decimal units, where 1 kilobyte = 1000 bytes) or about 122 kiB (binary units, where 1 kibibyte = 1024 bytes). The megabit is most commonly used when referring to data transfer rates in network speeds, e.g. a 100 Mbit/s (megabit per second) Fast Ethernet connection. In this context, like elsewhere in telecommunications, it always equals a million bits. Residential high speed Internet access is often advertised incorrectly in megabits (a unit of information) rather than megabit per second.
Video streams are often referred to as being "N megabit" streams (which means N Mbit / second). Novice users often confuse Megabits and Megabytes. There are 8 bits in 1 byte; likewise there are 8 Megabits in 1 Megabyte (so divide Mb/sec by 8 to get MB/sec).
Here are some helpful numbers:
|DVD (max peak bitrate)||10.08||1.260||4536||4.536||1.202||4326||4.224|
|HD-PVR Recording (adjustable settings)||13.5||1.6875||6075||6.075||1.6093||5793||5.658|
|HD Recording (ATSC) (max bitrate)||19.4||2.425||8730||8.73||2.313||8326||8.130|
Conversions between Mb/sec to MB/sec - Google is your friend
One of the easiest ways to perform megabit to megabyte conversion (aside from dividing by 8) - is to go to enter a query on google with the terms "X Mb/sec to MB/sec" (replace X with the megabit value you wish to convert)
Note that Google does not distinguish between binary and SI prefixes, so when using this approach, the "byte" units will be treated as binary (i.e. GB or gigabyte will be treated as gibibyte).