Difference between revisions of "Opensuse 11.0"

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#redirect [[Opensuse_11.0_-_11.2]]
|width=22|{{Click || image=Go-up.png | link=openSUSE 10.3 | width=22px | height=22px}}
|[[Opensuse_10.3|Also read the openSUSE 10.3 page. This page is in development and could miss sections. Please help by testing the 10.3 content and move/rewrite the sections.]]
= Introduction =
{{SUSE_head|Benefits of using openSUSE 11.0 for mythTV}}
* Best hardware support available today with kernel 2.6.25 - compared to openSUSE 10.3 (kernel 2.6.22) - [http://kernelnewbies.org/Linux_2_6_23 what's new in 2.6.23], [http://kernelnewbies.org/Linux_2_6_24 what's new in 2.6.24], [http://kernelnewbies.org/Linux8_2_6_25 what's new in 2.6.25]
* Software installation (package management) is improved in openSUSE 11.0 and super fast. (libzypp)
* openSUSE 1-click install technology, packages or package bundles can be installed with 1 click (No need to compile)
** '''mythTV packages''' are available as a bundle with '''1-click install''' on [http://packman.links2linux.org/package/mythtv pacman]
** '''restricted formats''' (proprietary, patented formats) like MP3, Codecs, encrypted DVD support etc. are available with '''1-click install''' on [http://opensuse-community.org/Restricted_Formats/11.0 opensuse-community]
** '''proprietary video drivers''' for both AMD/ATI and NVIDIA are available with '''1-click install'''
** '''additional packages''' for the advanced user are also available with one '''1-click install''' from [http://software.opensuse.org/search software.opensuse.org] (e.g. lcd support)
* New and super fast installation, completing in roughly just 35 minutes (including mythTV software)
* Improved ACPI functionality for suspend and wake-up to reduce power consumption
* Good openSUSE, mythTV documentation and a friendly community ;-)
read [http://en.opensuse.org/OpenSUSE_11.0 more]
{{SUSE_head|About openSUSE}}
SUSE Linux, one of the oldest Linux distributions, was originally developed by a German company. SuSE is an acronym in the German language for “Software und System-Entwicklung” which translates as software and system development.
The [http://opensuse.org openSUSE project] is a community program sponsored by [http://www.novell.com Novell].  With the launch of the openSUSE project, openSUSE is now developed in an open model—public development builds, releases, and sources will be posted frequently and users will have access to the Bugzilla database for defect reporting.
For rich, reliable and secure home computing like mythTV, there's no better choice than openSUSE. It features an easy-to-install Linux operating system that includes most of the required mythTV components standard in the box. While the official mythTV documentation attempts to be as distribution-agnostic as possible, this document is geared specifically toward building a mythTV system on the openSUSE Linux distribution.
openSUSE, in combination with the PackMan (thanks Herbert Graeber for building the rpm's) repository, provides you with an easy installation and all the latest packages of the mythTV rpms, ivtv, lirc, xmltv, php, mysql, mplayer, xine and many more that are necessary for a fully functional mythTV box.
{{Download|software.opensuse.org|Download openSUSE 11.0}}
{{Webpage|www.novell.com/documentation/suse.html|openSUSE official documentation}}
{{Webpage|suse.com/relnotes/i386/openSUSE/11.0/RELEASE-NOTES.en.html|openSUSE 11.0 Release notes}}
{{Webpage|en.opensuse.org/Guide_to_11.0|Guide to openSUSE 11.0}}
{{Wikipage|Executive_Overview|mythTV Executive_Overview}}
While mythTV can take quite some time to install, the result will be a fast box that can do nearly anything to entertain. Furthermore, the system is incredibly reliable, and if you leave it on, you can expect runtimes that last for years with little to no maintenance to be done (aside from updates if desired). We've also experienced that the WAF (Wife Acceptance Factor) for mythTV is enormous. As soon as you start playing with it, you need a second box because it becomes the most mission critical system in your house.
I hope this document will help you in your quest for your ultimate mythbox. Remember this: ''"MythTV can be a time machine; hours can disappear for no reason at all."''
{{SUSE_head|Hardware considerations}}
Installing mythTV all starts with good hardware. The first requirement is a machine capable of running [http://opensuse.org openSUSE] x86 or x86-64  and that can be connected to the Internet. You will also need a decent audio card and a video card, a hard drive with as much storage space as you desire, as well as a TV tuner capable of performing hardware-level video encoding. Many people run mythTV without any problems on older hardware; however, if you are planning on doing anything with high definition video or complex transcoding jobs, you will need to have sufficient memory and processing power. Check this wiki and the mailinglist before you purchase any new hardware.
You might also find it useful to look at http://www.silentpcreview.com/ if you build a machine for your living room, in order to get advice on low power-consumption, low noise setups.
[http://www.mythtv.org/wiki/index.php/Category:Hardware more]
{{SUSE_head|Join the community and get some help}}
;Subscribe to the mythTV users mailing list
mythTV user mailing list [http://www.mythtv.org/mailman/listinfo/mythtv-users www.mythtv.org/mailman/listinfo/mythtv-users]
mythTV user mailing list archive [http://www.gossamer-threads.com/lists/mythtv/users/ www.gossamer-threads.com/lists/mythtv/users/]
;Chat with other mythTV users
irc.freenode.net #mythtv-users
=Initial system setup and considerations =
{{SUSE_head|openSUSE 11.0 Media (DVD and/or CD) }}
For users new to Linux, the supported version of openSUSE may be the best choice—you'll get complete end-user documentation, installable media for x86 and x86 64-bit systems, plus 90 days of end-user installation support. Others just download openSUSE from one of the sources.
{{Download|software.opensuse.org|Download openSUSE 11.0}}
{{Webpage|en.opensuse.org/Buy_openSUSE|Buy online (including 90 days support, a real manual and a fancy DVD)}}
{{SUSE_head|Partitions and File Systems}}
openSUSE ships with a number of different file systems, including ReiserFS, Ext2, Ext3 and XFS, from which to choose at installation time. Each file system has its own advantages and disadvantages that can make it more suited to a scenario. Professional high-performance setups may require a different choice of file system than a home user's setup.
Earlier versions of openSUSE used ReiserFS as the default filesystem. From openSUSE 10.3 and on, ext3 is the default file system.
Use ext3 as your default file system. Consider using XFS for your video data. XFS is very good at manipulating and deleting large files and performs well on high-end hardware.
Make sure you understand what hardware you have - especially if you have issues an need to Google.
<code>lspci -v</code> and <code>lsusb</code> and <code>hwinfo</code>
{{Wikipage|File_storage#File_systems|File Systems}}
{{Webpage|www.novell.com/documentation/sles10/sles_admin|SUSE Linux Enterprise documentation about file systems}}
= Install mythTV software on openSUSE =
[[Image:Package.png|24px]]{{SUSE_head|INSTALL, THE EASY WAY }}
;STEP (1 of 4) - repositories
Add the required software repositories.
Make sure that the standard openSUSE 11.0 software repositories are configured: If you don't have a dual layer DVD set with the complete OSS and NON-OSS packages on their, the package manager relies on the software repositories on the internet. I suggest you point to the online repositories (tobe sure) and so you don't need you CD/DVD anymore.
Start YaST and look at your software repositories. You can remove/disable the CD/DVD media and make sure you have the following repositories:
{{Warning box|Make sure the standard openSUSE 11.0 repositories are setup correct before you start installing the software.
Check 'Software Repositories' in YaST}}
;openSUSE 11.0 Main Repository (NON-OSS)
protocol: HTTP
server: download.opensuse.org
directory: /distribution/11.0/repo/non-oss/
''To add the repo using the commandline:''
sudo zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/11.0/repo/non-oss/ "openSUSE 10.3 Main Repository (NON-OSS)"
sudo zypper mr --disable-autorefresh "openSUSE 11.0 Main Repository (NON-OSS)"
;openSUSE 11.0 Main Repository (OSS)
protocol: HTTP
server: download.opensuse.org
directory: /repositories/openSUSE:11.0/standard/
''To add the repo using the commandline:''
sudo zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/11.0/repo/oss/ "openSUSE 11.0 Main Repository (OSS)"
sudo zypper mr --disable-autorefresh "openSUSE 11.0 Main Repository (OSS)"
;openSUSE 11.0 Update Respository
(this will be automatically added/configured when you select 'Online Update Configuration' in YaST.
''If you added the new repos from the commandline and 'disabled the autorefresh', you need to fill the cache once''
''To update the repositories from the commandline, and update the local cache:''
sudo zypper ref
{{Tip box|For you information
1. You need todo the Online Update Configuration in YaST in order to get your Update Repository
2. The content in the main software repositories does not change. Disable the Automatically Refresh for these repositories will increase performance.}}
;STEP (2 of 4) - multimedia
This will install the Restricted Multimedia Formats ranging from MP3 Codecs to playing Encrypted DVDs
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://opensuse-community.org/codecs-kde.ymp Install Restricted Multimedia Formats for KDE users]
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://opensuse-community.org/codecs-gnome.ymp Install Restricted Multimedia Formats for GNOME user]
;STEP (3 of 4) - requirements
Install the prerequisite packages with zypper by copying and pasting the following into a terminal (as root)
{{Mythtv_version|mythTV 0.20 or openSUSE 10.3}}
'''sudo zypper in''' dvb gcc kernel-source libdvdread3
'''sudo zypper in''' libid3tag mjpegtools mysql php5 xine-ui xmms fame libcdaudio libfame MPlayer
'''sudo zypper in''' phpMyAdmin pvm transcode apache2 yast2-http-server apache2-mod_php5
;STEP (4 of 4) - mythtv
This will install the mythTV packages for both frontend and backend from the packman repository.
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://packman.links2linux.org/install/mythtv Install mythTV from packman]
= Configure mythTV server components (mythbackend)=
The server components within mythTV are referred to as '''the mythbackend'''.
Because the configuration of the mythTV application itself is not openSUSE specific, you find mainly links to the information.
http://www.mythtv.org/modules.php?name=MythInstall mythtv.org Documentation
== Start required services ==
Make sure all required system services are running on startup:
As root start 'yast2 runlevel' and enabel the following services and click OK after popup dialog
Notice there is a mythbackend option, would suggest that you do not enable "mythbackend" just yet, until you have tried running in a terminal window as below. If all steps below work then enable this to run.
{{Tip box|On openSUSE, you can manually add things to <code>/etc/init.d/boot.local</code>, that should happen directly after booting}}
==  Create the database (mysql) ==
mythTV uses MySQL to store it's settings, listings, recording schedules, and other information. So we have to make sure openSUSE starts MySQL when it boots, and we have to initialize the database with some basic information that mythTV can work with. The database is probably the most important component of mythTV because without it, absolutely none of mythTV can function.
1.) The MySQL deamon (mysql) is not started automatically by default after a reboot. 
As root start 'yast2 runlevel', select mysql and make sure it's started at boot time.
2.) Create the database
If the database is not started, start mysql (as root) by typing
/etc/init.d/mysql start
Watch for errors. Set up a root password by typing
mysqladmin -u root password <yourpasswordhere>
Once MySQL is setup, install the mythTV Database. This is done by running:
mysql -u root -p < /usr/share/doc/packages/mythtv-doc/database/mc.sql
(and key-in the previously entered password)
You should see no output - this is a good thing!
By default, the database is named [http://www.mythtv.org/wiki/index.php/Database_Schema mythconverg] and contains a set of [http://www.mythtv.org/wiki/index.php/Category:DB_Table tables] that interact with one-another.
{{Tip box|make the database multi user, so you can access it from more than 1 machine; this will assign a user named "mythtv" with a password of "mythtv " to the "mythconverg" database:
mysql -u root -p mythconverg
You will then be connected directly to the database. Enter the following commands at the '''mysql>''' prompt.
'''mysql>''' grant all on mythconverg.* to mythtv@"%" identified by "mythtv";
'''mysql>''' flush privileges;
'''mysql>''' quit;
==  MythTV backend setup application (mythtv-setup) ==
The server components within mythTV are referred to as '''the mythbackend'''.
Because the configuration of the mythTV application itself is not openSUSE specific, you find mainly links to the information.
http://www.mythtv.org/modules.php?name=MythInstall mythtv.org Documentation
{{Wikipage|User_Manual:Detailed_configuration_Backend|User Manual}}
{{SUSE_head|NOTE}}When everything works. The mythserver process (mythbackend) is not started automatically by default after a reboot. 
As root start 'yast2 runlevel', select mythbackend and make sure it's started at boot time.
=== Digital Video capture card (DVB)===
If you are lucky, your DVB device is automatically detected and drivers are automatically loaded.
More information about Linux support for DVB cards can be found on: http://www.linuxtv.org/
In general:
1.) Check if your card is auto detected by Linux - You can see this in YaST / TV settings
2.) Google and find out if you need/can define your card manual in YaST / TV settings
3.) load the kernel module(s) for your hardware (if auto detected it's automatically done)
YaST will write the modprobe settings to /etc/modprobe.d/tv. Alternative you load the kernel modules (drivers)
with the modprobe <drivername>.
4.) See if everything get started
dmesg | grep dvb
Check if devices are created
ls /dev/dvb*
If there is no /dev/dvb* device - the driver does not support your hardware
1.) Check (and update) the hardware specific section on the mythTV wiki
=== Analogue Video capture card (IVTV)===
[[Image:Pvr500.jpg|right|100px|]]A TV capture card, also called a TV tuner card, is a device that receives TV signals and converts
them into a digital format. With a minimum of one TV tuner card installed, you can watch and record TV by using your mythTV system. If you install a second TV tuner, you can record or watch TV from more than one channel at the same time.
If you have one TV tuner, for example the Hauppauge PVR-150, you can:
* Record TV on one channel
* Watch live TV on one channel
* Watch a recorded show while you record another show
If you have two TV tuners, for example the Hauppauge PVR-500, you can:
* Record TV on two different channels at the same time
* Watch live TV on one channel while another show that is on a different channel is recorded
* Watch a recorded show while you record two shows at the same time
mythTV supports a myriad of different video capture cards by utilizing the IVTV driver, a kernel driver for Linux and a driver for X11 for hardware based on Conexant's CX23415/CX23416 codec chip. The recommended analogue Standard Definition Cable (SDC) capture cards are the Hauppauge PVR.
{{Webpage|www.ivtvdriver.org/index.php/Supported_hardware|a complete list of supported hardware by IVTV}}
{{Wikipage|Video_capture_card#Capture_Card_Matrix|capture card matrix on the mythTV wiki page}}
{{Webpage|ivtvdriver.org/index.php/Howto:Suse#openSUSE_10.2|ivtv wiki, primary resource}}
{{Webpage|en.opensuse.org/HCL/TV_Cards|openSUSE wiki, supported TV cards}}
openSUSE 10.3 ships with IVTV version 0.10.3 and ivtv-firmware 0.10.3, everything is auto detected on the x86 and x86-64 bit version of the OS.
Please make sure you install the ivtv-firmware from YaST from the NON-OSS openSUSE repository.
{{Download|ivtv|ivtv, located on 10.3 media OSS}}
{{Download|ivt_firmware|ivt_firmware, located on 10.3 media NON_OSS}}
IVTV-based cards are hardware encoders, but the firmware does not exist in the card itself. Instead, you must point your hardware to an extracted version of the firmware on disk. One of the benefits of openSUSE is that it has the closed source ivtv-firmware drivers available in the NON-OSS repository.
This Firmware is licensed for use only in conjunction with Hauppauge component products. More info about the license can be found in the license agreement included in the package.
{{SUSE_head|Configuration Tips }}
{{SUSE_head|Check the IVTV console output with dmesg:}}
dmesg | egrep -i '(ivtv|tveeprom|tuner)'
Your output should look something like this example from the Hauppauge PVR500:
ivtv:  ==================== START INIT IVTV ====================
ivtv:  version 0.x.x (tagged release) loading
ivtv:  Linux version: x.x.xx.x-default SMP mod_unload gcc-4.1
ivtv:  In case of problems please include the debug info between
ivtv:  the START INIT IVTV and END INIT IVTV lines, along with
ivtv:  any module options, when mailing the ivtv-users mailinglist.
ivtv0: Autodetected Hauppauge WinTV PVR-150 card (cx23416 based)
ivtv0: loaded v4l-cx2341x-enc.fw firmware (262144 bytes)
ivtv0: This is the first unit of a PVR500
tuner 1-0043: chip found @ 0x86 (ivtv i2c driver #0)
tuner 1-0060: chip found @ 0xc0 (ivtv i2c driver #0)
tuner 1-0061: chip found @ 0xc2 (ivtv i2c driver #0)
cx25840 1-0044: cx25843-23 found @ 0x88 (ivtv i2c driver #0)
wm8775 1-001b: chip found @ 0x36 (ivtv i2c driver #0)
ivtv0: Encoder revision: 0x02060039
{{SUSE_head|The lspci command can give you more information about your card and tuner:}}
lspci | grep -i itv
Your output should look something like this example from the Hauppauge PVR500:
03:08.0 Multimedia video controller: Internext Compression Inc iTVC16 (CX23416) MPEG-2 Encoder (rev 01)
03:09.0 Multimedia video controller: Internext Compression Inc iTVC16 (CX23416) MPEG-2 Encoder (rev 01)
{{SUSE_head|Check if the firmware is installed in the correct location:}}
ls /lib/firmware -l
{{SUSE_head|Check what version of ivtv is installed:}}
To check what version is installed, issue the command:
rpm -qa | grep ivtv
Your output should look something like:
{{SUSE_head|The IVTV configuration is maintained by YaST and it is not recommended to edit the file directly. To see the configuration of the device:}}
cat /etc/modprobe.d/tv
Your output should look something like this example from the Hauppauge PVR500:
alias char-major-81 videodev
options i2c-algo-bit bit_test=1
# YaST configured TV card
# Uog3.chCB1CyIbw9:WinTV PVR 150
alias char-major-81-0 ivtv
# YaST configured TV card
# ZvjX.sZc4ePByvkF:WinTV PVR 150
alias char-major-81-1 ivtv
alias char-major-81-2 off
alias char-major-81-3 off
{{SUSE_head|Reload the ivtv module manually:}}
rmmod ivtv
modprobe ivtv
{{SUSE_head|Check if the video devices are available to the system:}}
ls /dev/vi* -l
Your output should look something like this example from the (dual tuner) Hauppauge PVR500:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 6 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video -> video0
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 81, 0 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video0
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 81, 1 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video1
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 81, 24 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video24
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 81, 25 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video25
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 81, 32 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video32
crw-rw----+ 1 root video 81, 33 Dec 29 06:27 /dev/video33
The above is for a PVR-500. Here is what each device corresponds to in this case:
'''Tuner unit #1: - For your info'''
/dev/video0 – The encoding capture device (Read-only)
/dev/video24 – The raw audio capture device (Read-only)
/dev/video32 – The raw video capture device (Read-only)
/dev/radio – The radio tuner device
/dev/vbi0 – The "vertical blank interval" (Teletext) capture device
'''Tuner unit #2: - For your info'''
/dev/video1 – The encoding capture device (Read-only)
/dev/video25 – The raw audio capture device (Read-only)
/dev/video33 – The raw video capture device (Read-only)
/dev/vbi1 – The "vertical blank interval" (Teletext) capture device
{{SUSE_head|Check (and update) the hardware specific section on this page and the dedicated mythTV wiki pages}}
{{Wikipage|Video_capture_card|Video capure cards on the}}
;Hauppauge PVR-150
{{SUSE_head|Hauppauge PVR-150}}
{{Wikipage|Hauppauge_PVR-150|Hauppauge_PVR-150, single tuner}}
;Hauppauge PVR-250
{{SUSE_head|Hauppauge PVR-250}}
;Hauppauge PVR-350
{{SUSE_head|Hauppauge PVR-350}}
{{Wikipage|Hauppauge_PVR-350|Hauppauge_PVR-350, single tuner and TV-out}}
;Hauppauge PVR-500
{{SUSE_head|Hauppauge PVR-500}}
{{Wikipage|Hauppauge_PVR-500|Hauppauge_PVR-500, dual tuner}}
If you are lost; [http://www.flickr.com/photos/98068939@N00/tags/mythtv/ here] are some screenshots of mythtv-setup for a PVR-500 in the [[Netherlands]].
=== Channels and frequencies ===
You can fill the channel table and frequencies from mythtv-setup
Since there must be more MythTV users in your area, this could be a good moment to make some new friends.
Chances are that someone already did this and exported this channel information and published it on the web.
Check the country specific information on the mythtv wiki or some local mythtv sites and with some luck you can
import a channel file to your database.
'''Country specific information''' <small>
[http://tvfreq.laupro.nl/ Generate mythTV Channels for the Netherlands,]
[[place holder|place holder,]]
[[place holder|place holder,]]
{{Tip box|For some countries, providers, areas there are channel.sql files available that hold all channels and frequencies for your area and that can be imported directly into the mySQL database. See the [[XMLTV]] page for more details about your country specific information.}}
== Electronic Program Guide (EPG) ==
The most difficult part of installing/configuring MythTV is getting the data, name and frequency of all the channels in the database.
One of the reasons is; it's country and region specific information and it also depends on your type of TV signal.
Most analogue mythTV systems need to grab information from some local website and import it into the mythTV datastore. For this to work, a technology called grabbers is used.  A grabber, 'grabs' EPG information from a website and transforms the data to XML format.
Most DVB-C infrastructures send EPG information in streams over the cable so other techniques are used.
The best advise we can give you, is to search for country/provider specific information because for EPG there is no 'one size fits all'.
'''Country specific information''' <small>
[[Data_Direct|North America data direct,]]
[[zap2it|North America zap2it,]]
=== mythfilldatabase ===
[[mythfilldatabase]] is nothing more that a nice wrapper around your EPG handler. Normally mythfilldatabase is run automatically by [[mythbackend]] every 24 hours. It uses your EPG handler (grabber) as defined in [[mythtv-setup]].
===  XMLTV ===
Most grabbers use XMLTV to get the EPG data into the database. Make sure you install the XMLTV software packages.
XMLTV ships with a set of standard grabbers per country. Although these might work - again, search for country specific information - better grabbers may be around.
The program guide in mythTV is a listing of TV shows that you receive over the network.
XMLTV is a set of utilities to transfer and store EPG (Electronic Program Guide) in a XML format for various countries.
It's good to understand the following components before you begin:
*XMLTV Grabber = country specific module to grab EPG (Electronic Program Guide) info from a source and translates it to XML format.
*XMLTV ID = Value that exists in the XMLTV data and in the Channel table. It's the link/mapping to get the information on the correct channel.
*CHANNELS = Your TV channels, with their channel number and frequencies as defined in mythtv-setup
*CHANNEL_ICONS = Bitmaps that are displayed by mythfrontend as a graphical representation of the channel. (example: CNN logo)
*mythfilldatabase = An mythTV application that uses the XMLTV grabber that you defined in mythtv-setup and stores the information in the MySQL database.
The most essential data in your database is the channel mapping: The mythconverg_channel table in the database links/maps the following information
channel number frequency name of the channel XMLTV number
Without this information the EPG (Electronic Program Guide) can not work.
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://packman.links2linux.org/package/xmltv Install XMLTV from pacman]
For most European countries you need XMLTV and a grabber.
The first thing you should do to get listings into the database is to set up your channels. In mythtv-setup, after you have set up your card, you can configure a video source based on your geographic location. The video source config page has a field for "grabber"; select your country there and mythTV will be ready to run a program called "mythfilldatabase" that will use XMLTV and tv_grab_XX, where XX is your country specific method. So, XMLTV works by running a custom grabber for your country. This grabber collects guide data from the sources appropriate to your country.
'''Country specific information''' <small>
[[Data_Direct|North America,]]
Different countries and providers have different ways of configuring XMLTV.
{{Wikipage|XMLTV|XMLTV}} to see specifics for your country about XMLTV and the EPG:
1.) Understand what grabber technology you should use and are currently trying to configure - read !
2.) Location of the grabber config file and current user. The grabber for your country may have it's settings stored in the users home directory (~./.xmltv or ~./.mythtv).
Normally your should run mythfilldatabase as user and not as root!!
3.) Check the XML-TV-ID in database and grabber
Have a quick look in the database
This will show channel numbers, xmltvid etc.
mysql -u''<username>'' -p''<password>'' mythconverg -e 'SELECT name, freqid, chanid, channum, xmltvid  FROM `channel`  WHERE sourceid = "1"  ';
The XMLTVID should match the ID's in your grabbers configuration file. (if exists for your country)
= Use and configure mythTV clients (frontends) =
== Integrated LCD or VFD panel (LCDProc) ==
== Remote Control (LIRC) ==
[[Image:imon_pad.jpg|right|80px|mythTV uses LIRC for the iMON_PAD]]The configuration of your remote control can be one of the most time consuming aspects of your mythTV setup. The remote controller itself can never be detected by the system so it requires some manual work. If your remote control device is not supported, it's required to learn the system about your device and define it's behavior.
LIRC is the package that allows you to decode and send infra-red signals of many commonly used remote controls.
openSUSE 11.0 ships with LIRC 0.8.3. To use LIRC, you need a configuration file for your remote control. A list of supported remote control is available on http://lirc.org/remotes/
If you can't find a configuration file for your remote control on the [http://lirc.org/remotes lirc page], it does not mean that your remote control is  not supported but there is no configuration file for it yet. You don't have to be a developer to create a configuration file by using [http://lirc.org/html/irxevent.html irxevent] and [http://lirc.org/html/mode2.html mode2]. More info about these LIRC programs can be found on http://lirc.org/html/programs.html
If you have created a new configuration file for a remote control, please send it to the LIRC team.
*/etc/sysconfig/lirc = Hardware config file
You must install the lirc kernel modules package that corresponds to your installed kernel.
sudo zypper in lirc-kmp-default
{{Tip box|You can check the kernel version from the command line with 'uname'. The word 'default' in the below example means a default kernel (in most cases the only other possibility is 'bigsmp').
# uname -r}}
You must edit this file so that lirc knows which device to use. For example, if you have a PVR-150 make the following changes:
See [http://www.mythtv.org/wiki/index.php/PVR150_Remote PVR150 Remote] for more information.
{{Tip box|If your lirc kernel module is working and detects the card properly you will see the device /dev/lirc appear when lirc is started. If that device does not appear check /var/log/messages and dmesg for clues. Also, it has been reported that a full cold boot is sometimes required to bring the PVR150's IR back to life even going so far as to remove the card from the motherboard for a few moments. Be sure to try this before taking any other drastic steps (such as compiling lirc from source).}}
*/etc/lircd.conf = LIRC remote control configuration file that maps scancodes to logic functions (like value to play, poweroff, pause etc.)
*lircrc = Application specific mapping of the remote functions (play, poweroff etc) to the app specific functions for mythTV, mplayer and or Xine
:Every application that you want to control with your remote (and has support for remote control) needs it's own lircrc configuration file.
:The lircrc maps the keynames defined in lircd.conf (example: poweroff) to an application specific function (example: exit application). Make sure that the key names in lircrc should correspond with the same button names in lircd.conf.
*mythTV = /home/user/.mythtv/lircrc
*xine = /home/user/.xine/lircrc          (TODO: check if this is correct)
*mplayer = /home/user/lircrc   
{{Tip box|Instead of creating an individual lircrc file for each application, you can create one master file and put symbolic links to this in the appropriate places. The command for creating a lircrc file in your /home/''userid''/.mythtv directory, symbolically linked to lircrc in your home directory, follows: 
ln -s ~/.mythtv/lircrc ~/lircrc}}
The LIRC deamon (lircd) is not started automatically by default after a reboot. 
:As root start 'yast2 runlevel', select lircd and make sure it's started at boot time.
''The lirc deamon does not start without a configuration file. Please make sure your create the configuration file before you start lircd.''
* Visit the [http://lirc.sourceforge.net/remotes/ http://lirc.sourceforge.net/remotes] website and download a setup file for your remote.
* Copy/rename the file to /etc/lirc.conf.
* Start /etc/init.d/lirc deamon and try irw, irxevent, mode2
* TODO: howto get a sample ~/.mythtv/lircrc  -  google for a lircrc for your remote  - try the mythtv remote control wiki pages
* there can be only one, make sure you have 1 lircrc file for mythtv. Create links to it.
* the ~/.mythtv directory is user specific and created in the users home directory when he starts mythfrontend for the first time and ask for an ip address of the backend. If you don't have a ~/.mythtv directory, start mythfrontend first. The directory is hidden, try ls -al.
example: /etc/lircd.conf
Play      0x00007be9
The lircrc is application specific, here your define that the 'Play' key is the same as function 'P'
(P is by default Play in mythfrontend)
example: ~/.mythtv/lircrc
    prog  = mythtv
    button = Play
    config = P
{{Webpage|lirc.org|Official LIRC page}}
{{Wikipage|ATI_Remote_Wonder#openSUSE_10.2|ATI Remote Wonder}}
{{Wikipage|Hauppauge_WinTV_Nova-T_500_PCI|Hauppauge WinTV Nova T500 Remote Control}}
{{Wikipage|Logitech_Harmony_880_remote|Logitech Harmony 880}}
{{Wikipage|MCE_Remote|Microsoft MCE Remote}}
{{Wikipage|Remote_Controls|more Remote Control}}
== Audio setup ==
== TV Output (Proprietary Driver) ==
You can use several different types of connections to connect your mythTV frontend PC to a TV.
The S-Video cable works well with most standard TVs. The picture below explains the different types of connections that can be used to connect yout TV.
The type of output your PC's video card can do, and the type of inputs your TV can handle are primarily what dictates what you should use to connect them. From highest- to lowest-quality, the order of consideration is: HDMI, DVI (both of which are digital), VGA, Component, S-Video and finally Composite (all of the rest are analog).
[[Image:Hdmiconnector.jpg|thumb|80px|left|HDMI digital]][[Image:Dviconnector.jpg|thumb|80px|left|DVI digital]]
[[Image:Vgaconnector.jpg|thumb|80px|left|VGA analog]]
[[Image:Componentconnector.jpg|thumb|80px|left|Component analog]][[Image:Svideoconnector.png|thumb|80px|left|S-Video analog]][[Image:Compositeconnector.jpg|thumb|80px|left|Composite analog]]
{{SUSE_head|Install the ATI driver with 1-Click Install}}
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://opensuse-community.org/ati.ymp ATI driver from the opensuse-community]
{{SUSE_head|Manual download and install the driver}}
{{Download|ati.amd.com/support/driver.html|Download the latest driver from ATI}}
{{Webpage|en.opensuse.org/ATI|openSUSE AMD/ATI page}}
{{SUSE_head|Install the NVIDIA driver with 1-Click Install}}
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://opensuse-community.org/nvidia.ymp If you have a new NVIDIA cards]
{| cellspacing=0 cellpadding=2 border=0
|width=146|{{Click || image=1click.jpg | link=Opensuse_10.3 | width=146px | height=52px}}
|[http://opensuse-community.org/nvidia-legacy.ymp If you have a legacy NVIDIA cards]
List of [http://en.opensuse.org/NVIDIA/Legacy Legacy NVIDIA cards]
{{SUSE_head|Manual download and install the driver}}
{{Download|www.nvidia.com/object/unix.html|Download the latest driver from NVIDIA}}
{{Webpage|en.opensuse.org/Nvidia|openSUSE NVIDIA page}}
;Hauppauge PVR-350
{{SUSE_head|Hauppauge PVR-350}}
{{Wikipage|Hauppauge_PVR-350|Hauppauge_PVR-350, single tuner and TV-out}}
== Web frontend (mythweb) ==
[[Image:MythWebList.png|right|170px|]] MythWeb provides a frontend for scheduling and managing recordings on your mythTV system from a web browser located on another machine. Provided the security is set up correctly on your MythBox you can access your machine from anywhere on the internet, or even your mobile phone as long as you have a compatible browser. Of course it is just as useful to browse your myth content from your laptop while your partner is watching their favorite programme.
Make sure the following packages are installed
yast2-http-server, apache2, apache2-mod-php5
You can quickly check if the package is already installed with the following command
rpm -qa | grep apache
{{SUSE_head|Activate the required server module for the Apache HTTP server}}
The Rewrite Server Module provides a rule-based rewriting engine to rewrite requested URLs on the fly. By default it's turned off and you need to turn it on.
The Environment Server Module modifies the environment passed to CGI scripts and SSI pages
Start YaST and goto the HTTP server menu (commandline: yast2 http-server)
follow the menu's by next,next,next,next and click the HTTP Server Expert Configuration, here you see a tab with 'Server Modules'
The Rewrite module is disabled by default - '''Enable this option'''
The Env module is disabled by default - '''Enable this option'''
{{SUSE_head|Securing mythweb}}
If you plan to open your mythweb to the internet, you should seriously consider securing it.  That and more information can be found [http://www.mythtv.org/wiki/index.php/MythWeb here].  Follow the section specifically for openSUSE [http://www.mythtv.org/wiki/index.php/Securing_MythWeb#openSUSE_10.2 here]
{{SUSE_head|Security Example for mythweb}}
To secure your Mythweb you can configure the access to it. For example you can set up 'limit access'. It will ask you for an username and password if you try to access the mythweb page. It's very simple:
First make a file where you store the username and password for a user.
htpasswd2 -c /etc/apache2/htpasswd <username>
Type in a password (2x)
Then just add the lines below in your http.conf or default-server.conf
<Directory "/srv/www/htdocs/mythweb">
  AuthType Basic
  AuthName "Mythweb Login"
  AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/htpasswd
  Require user <username>
Restart apache
rcapache2 restart
If you now access the Mythweb (http://''ip number''/mythweb/) it will ask you for an username and password.
{{Tip box|You can access your MythWeb remotely if you know your IP address.  However, if you are a DHCP client, your IP will probably change.  To resolve the issue of having an IP address that is constantly changing, you can sign up for an account with a dynamic DNS site (such as http://www.yi.org) and create a unique unchanging hostname that can be forwarded to your IP address - even if it changes. }}
= Making it an appliance =
Start all required services
remove the services
crom cron and database maintencance tricks
acpi wakeup
mythfilldatabase scheduled
== Wakeup using the bios ==
Switching computers that do not need to run 24 by 7 on and off as required can cut your power consumption. There are different methods of programming a wakeup time under Linux without needing to set the time manually in the computer’s BIOS.
NVRAM wakeup uses the BIOS settings stored in non-volatile RAM (NVRAM).
The nvram kernel module allows Linux to access a maximum of 128 bytes of non-volatile memory.
To get this to work, you need to compile the nvram kernel module.
Basically nvram is directly poking into your bios.
ACPI has a (limited) standard interface to change the value in the bios.
The kernel transfers the time directly to your computer’s RTC (real time clock), but not the date. This leads to the computer
waking up at the same time every day, and not just on the given date. The problem is that there is a more-orless
standardized method of transferring the time to the RTC, but no such standard for the wakeup date.
; ACPI RTC Alarm works with openSUSE 11.0 - more information on the following page:
{{Wikipage|ACPI_Wakeup|ACPI Wakeup}}
{{Pdf|www.linux-magazine.com/issue/46/Wakeup_Call_For_Computers.pdf|Wakeup call}}
= Tips and tricks =

Latest revision as of 03:24, 19 August 2010