My current mythtv system has a combined backend/frontend and a 2nd frontend both based on Fedora 17 and the repository version of mythtv (0.26 fixes).
My previous mythtv system has a combined backend/frontend and a 2nd frontend both based on MythDora 12.23: MythDora.
- 1 My MythTV Systems
- 2 To Do
- 3 Moving my mythconverg to a remote MySQL server
- 4 Convert filing system from ext3 to xfs
- 5 Add Another Disk to /storage LVM
My MythTV Systems
I've had a working MythTV system since about June 2006. My first working MythTV system was based on MythDora 2.32.
I currently have three systems now involved in my mythtv setup.
- Primary system is a combined backend/frontend running MythDora 10.21.
- Remote frontend only built with MythDora 10.21.
As of May 2007 my primary system is a combined backend/frontend running on:
- Biostar NVIDIA GeForce 6100-M9
- AMD64 x2 4200
- 2 GB PC3200 DDR (4x 512MB modules in dual channel mode)
I've reduced the storage to a single drive:
- 500 GB Seagate SATA/300 HD - I'm running LVM and xfs on my /storage partition preallocating 512 MB for files with good success so far.
For capturing content I have two tuners:
- Hauppauge PVR500 dual analog tuner card
- AverMedia A180 dvb - viewing ATSC on DirecPath (DirecTV reseller for multi dwelling units)
The A180 currently sits idle. The PVR500 works out great since I have quite limited space for PCI cards.
Remote Front End
An earlier mythtv system is now recycled for frontend only duty, allowing me to move the main unit out of the living room. It is configured with MythDora 10.21.
The hardware includes
- Biostar NVIDIA GeForce 6100-M9
- AMD64 single core
- 1 GB PC3200 DDR (2x 512MB modules in dual channel mode)
- nVidia 6200, DVI-HDMI cable
The user interface includes:
- MCE USB remote (bundled with PVR500)
- Logitech Cordless Desktop EX110 (mouse & keyboard)
- ViewSonic N3751w 37" LCD display (HDMI inputs now dead after storm)
- Yamaha HTR-5835 DTS 5.1
Digital Content - Channels
DirecPath have discontinued putting these signals on the cable ~ Feb 2009. Currently have an OTA capable tuner, but poor signal reception; I seem to be in a fringe area, and antenna options are quite limited in my apartment.
Previously I could receive the following digital (ATSC) channels directly from the cable connection:
- 2-1 WSB-DT
- 2-2 WSB-DT 2
- 5-1 WAGA-HD Fox
- 11-1 WXIA-DT
- 46-1 WGCL-HD
Things I'd like to do next:
- Improve digital OTA reception
- Net boot my frontends
Moving my mythconverg to a remote MySQL server
Just for grins and skills I decided to set up a remote Linux server on which to run MySQL. Here are the things I did to get this working. This is Fedora centric, as MythDora is built on Fedora.
One advantage to having the database on a remote system is that it now running on a different disk spindle, so disk thrashing is reduced. Another advantage is there is less chance of hosing my database during system updates/upgrades.
First, set up the database server machine. Install MySQL. It looks like mythtv-0.21 will be dropping MySQL v3 and v4 support. Ensure you use v5 of MySQL.
After installing, set mysqld to run at boot time, and turn it on now:
# chkconfig mysqld on # service mysqld start
Then change the root password for MySQL:
# mysql -u root mysql mysql> update user set Password=PASSWORD('ROOT_PWD') where user='root'; mysql> flush privileges; mysql> quit
Get a copy of mc.sql from your mythtv machine. I found mine at
Then put it in the database with
$ mysql -u root -p < /your/path/to/mc.sql
(This will prompt you for the mysql-root password.)
Add a mythtv user to your mysql install. http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/adding-users.html
Move any other config stuff you might have. I'm using Jarod's recommended my.cnf additions. From his site:
Under the [mysqld] section add:
key_buffer = 16M table_cache = 128 sort_buffer_size = 2M myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M query_cache_size = 16M
Additionally, I added a mythtv user to my Linux server system and edited the uid/gid values to be the same as on the MythDora system (1000/1000). This makes for more readable file owner/groups on both systems, especially as the same server holds my NFS partitions.
Prepare a database dump
The following occurs on the mythtv backend system that is currently running the database. At this point I shut down my mythtv system so that the database would not be changed during the following steps. I also ran the database optimizer.
# killall mythfrontend # service mythbackend stop # /usr/local/bin/optimize_mythdb.pl
I then dumped the database and turned off the mysqld server on this system.
$ mysqldump -u myth_user -p --extended-insert --databases mythconverg > mythdb.sql # service mysqld stop # chkconfig mysqld off
Load mythconverg on new server
After transfering this backup file to the new MySQL server machine, I was ready to import it to the new MySQL server.
$ mysql -u root -p mythconverg < mythdb.sql (this will prompt for the mysql root user's password)
And allow mythtv to have remote access to this database with
$ mysql -u root -p mythconverg (prompts for password) mysql> grant all on mythconverg.* to mythtv@"%" identified by "mythtv"; mysql> flush privileges; mysql> quit;
Configure mythbackend to use remote database
We're finally ready to bring it all together. Back on the mythtv backend system you need to configure access for the remote MySQL database server and restart mythbackend.
Access to the MySQL server on my MythDora system was configured in the mysql.txt file, found on my system in several places: /.mythtv/mysql.txt, /root/.mythtv/mysql.txt, and ~mythtv/.mythtv/mysql.txt. The change to make is
I made this change to all 3 copies of mysql.txt found on my system.
Now I restarted the backend and frontend and verified all was well.
# service mythbackend start $ mythfrontend (watch some recordings, etc.)
Convert filing system from ext3 to xfs
MythDora automatically creates an LVM partition for the major storage of mythtv mounted as /storage, and formats it as ext3. xfs is a better performing filing system for large files. Here's how I converted my /storage to xfs.
Converting MythDora /storage to xfs:
* be root * make sure to have xfs-tools installed (if needed: # yum install xfsprogs) * shut down access to /storage (myth[front|back]end, maybe mysql, etc., or init 1) * unmount any NFS mounts * cp -a /storage (to a safe place on another volume) * mkfs.xfs /storage * cp -a (saved /storage to) /storage * edit /etc/fstab to account for the new fs type * restart stuff (myth[front|back]end, etc., or init 5)
I used a feature of xfs to preallocate disk space in 512 MB increments. This reduces the total number of extents that a file will consume, especially with multiple files growing (more than 1 program recording simultaneously). This was accomplished with this line in my fstab:
/dev/sdb1 /storage xfs defaults, allocsize=512m 0 0
Files created after this change will contain far fewer extents than previously. Verify with
$ cd /storage/recordings $ filefrag <file_name>
Add Another Disk to /storage LVM
At install time MythDora creates recording space for MythTV in a separate partition configured as LVM and mounted on /storage. Once disk space started filling up and I began losing shows before they were watched, I found this to be quite useful. Here's how I added a new disk to my system's /storage. I've done this both for an ext3 formatted /storage (default configuration) and an xfs formatted /storage.
I first made sure to watch up as much TV as possible and delete everything I could to minimize the time required to backup and restore data. These instructions assume you've already installed the disk into the computer chassis and performed any data backup you will be doing.
You may need to unmount /storage. This will require stopping mythfrontend and mythbackend, as well as any other processes that might be using this partition.
# killall mythfrontend # /sbin/service mythbackend stop # umount /storage
If you have trouble with this, then try single user mode:
# init 1
Get volume group name with mount and lvdisplay, which look something like this:
# mount ... /dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol01 on /storage type xfs (rw,allocsize=512m) ... # lvdisplay /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol01 --- Logical volume --- LV Name /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol01 VG Name VolGroup00 LV UUID rEftR4-7mDC-6Vng-IyHO-a1eM-w15F-FlN1bA LV Write Access read/write LV Status available # open 1 LV Size 453.72 GB Current LE 14519 Segments 1 Allocation inherit Read ahead sectors 0 Block device 253:1
On MythDora 3.2 I found the volume group name to be videovg instead.
Use pvcreate to initialize the device for use with LVM. You will need your device name; on my system it was /dev/sdb.
# pvcreate /dev/sdb
Use vgextend to add this device to the volume group.
# vgextend VolGroup00 /dev/sdb
Then use lvextend to make the new space available. You'll need to know how much space you have to add.
# pvs /dev/sdb # lvextend -L +465.75G /dev/VolGroup00/LogVol01
Now for formatting. With xfs formatting you only need:
# xfs_growfs /storage
While for ext2/3 you'll need a more involved procedure.
single user mode: init 1 (since otherwise the volume group is busy) unmount the volume group: umount /dev/videovg/videolv01 force checking disc: e2fsck -f /dev/videovg/videolv01 resize the volume group: resize2fs /dev/videovg/videolv01 remount: mount /dev/videovg/videolv01 check: df -h return to multiuser mode: init 5 OR reboot: init 6